ARTICLES OF AN ADVOCATE: the respondent is a member of the Provincial Civil Services of the State of U.P. 2 When he was posted as Special Secretary, Samaj Kalyan Department, Government of U.P. in 2006, he authored a book titled `Jati Raj'. As the book contained some remarks against national leaders like late Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, the State Government issued a letter dated 11.09.2007 to the respondent when he was posted as Special Secretary, Dharmarth Karya Department, Government of U.P., requesting him to furnish to the Government a copy of the book. The respondent instead of furnishing a copy of the book proceeded on leave and on 12.02.2008 he was placed under suspension in contemplation of the disciplinary proceedings. On 19.02.2008, a charge-sheet containing 16 charges was served on him. The charges against the respondent were that certain passages in the book `Jati Raj' written by him were defamatory and derogatory to national leaders and he had hurt the religious sentiments of the people and created hatred amongst various sections of the society. By order dated 19.02.2008, the State Government appointed Shri Vijay Shanker Pandey, the Commissioner, Lucknow Division, as the Enquiry Officer to enquire into the charges.